Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma
Pawnee, OK 74058
The prehistoric homelands of the Pawnee were traced to the Central Plains for several centuries prior to the arrival of Europeans, centered in what is now northern and central Nebraska. Historically one of the largest and most prominent Plains tribes, they numbered 10,000 or more during early contact with Europeans. Pawnee life was characterized by alternating patterns of cultivation and High Plains bison hunting. They lived in permanent villages of dome-shaped earth lodges that often housed two or more families.
During the 1800s, the Pawnee people were subjected to an incessant interplay of destructive forces that radically changed their lives, largely the result of an expansionist U.S. encroachment by white immigrants. In 1833, the Pawnee ceded their lands south of the Platte River, and in 1857, they accepted a small reservation on the Loup Fork of the Platte River together with monetary and other economic provisions.