Sac & Fox Nation
Stroud, OK 74079
Toll Free: 800-259-3970
The indigenous homelands of the Sac and Fox Nation were in the western Great Lakes region. "Sac and Fox" is actually a historical accident, a merging of "Sac" (Sauk), or Thakiwaki, and "Fox," or Meskwaki misapplied by the U.S. government during treaty negotiations in 1804. Although historically associated and closely related by language and culture, the two people have always remained geographically and politically distinct.
The Meskwaki have resided on the Meskwaki Settlement in central Iowa since 1856, and the Thakiwaki have been in central Oklahoma since the 1870s. The contemporary Sac and Fox population in Oklahoma claim to be predominantly of Thakiwaki decent and typically refer to themselves as both "Sac and Fox" and Sauk, and to their heritage language as Sau.