Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge
The Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge lies at the upper Washita Arm of Lake Texoma and was established in 1946 for migratory waterfowl in the Central Flyway. Visitors to this 16,464-acre refuge located just south of Tishomingo will find a variety of hiking, nature trails, hunting and fishing opportunities from dawn to dusk. Open only during daylight hours, except for nighttime-fishing, the refuge also offers primitive campsites near the headquarters boat ramp.
The refuge area includes the 4,500-acre Cumberland Pool and the 3,000-acre Tishomingo Wildlife Management Unit. A variety of wildlife makes their homes on this land, including approximately 30 mammals species, 284 bird species, 65 reptile and amphibian species, 62 fish species and 67 butterfly species.
The murky water of Cumberland Pool provides excellent fishing opportunities. Seasonally flooded flats and willow shallows lie at the Pool's edge providing excellent wildlife habitat. Upland areas vary from grasslands to wild plum thickets to oak-hickory-elm woodlands. Crops are grown on the refuge for waterfowl and other migratory species and primarily consist of wheat, milo, millet, rye and sunflowers. The Cumberland Pool makes up a quarter of the refuge and is a great place for wildlife watching.